Wang, Fangfang; Yang, Wei; Shi, Yonghui; Le, Guowei
3D-QSAR, molecular docking and molecular dynamics studies of a series of ROR gamma t inhibitors

The discovery of clinically relevant inhibitors of retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor-gamma-t (ROR gamma t) for autoimmune diseases therapy has proven to be a challenging task. In the present work, to find out the structural features required for the inhibitory activity, we show for the first time a three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR), molecular docking and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations for a series of novel thiazole/thiophene ketone amides with inhibitory activity at the ROR gamma t receptor. The optimum CoMFA and CoMSIA models, derived from ligand-based superimposition I, exhibit leave-one-out cross-validated correlation coefficient (R-cv(2)) of .859 and .805, respectively. Furthermore, the external predictive abilities of the models were evaluated by a test set, producing the predicted correlation coefficient (R-pred(2)) of .7317 and .7097, respectively. In addition, molecular docking analysis was applied to explore the binding modes between the inhibitors and the receptor. MD simulation and MM/PBSA method were also employed to study the stability and rationality of the derived conformations, and the binding free energies in detail. The QSAR models and the results of molecular docking, MD simulation, binding free energies corroborate well with each other and further provide insights regarding the development of novel ROR gamma t inhibitors with better activity.


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