Pietra, Francesco
Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Dioxygen Pathways through Mini Singlet Oxygen Generator (miniSOG), a Genetically Encoded Marker and Killer Protein
CHEMISTRY & BIODIVERSITY, 11:1883-1891, DEC 2014

In this work, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the permeation of proteins by small gases of biological significance have been extended from gas carrier, sensor, and enzymatic proteins to genetically encoded tags and killer proteins. To this end, miniSOG was taken as an example of current high interest, using a biased form of MD, called random-acceleration MD. Various egress gates and binding pockets for dioxygen, as an indistinguishable mimic of singlet dioxygen, were found on both above and below the isoalloxazine plane of the flavin mononucleotide cofactor in miniSOG. Of such gates and binding pockets, those lying within two opposite cones, coaxial with a line normal to the isoalloxazine plane, and with the vertex at the center of such a plane are those most visited by the escaping gas molecule. Out of residues most capable of quenching O-1(2), Y30, lying near the base of one such a cone, and H85, near the base of the opposite cone, are held to be most responsible for the reduced quantum yield of O-1(2) with folded miniSOG with respect to free flavin mononucleotide in solution.


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